As Japanese Emperor Akihito celebrates his 85th birthday on Sunday, here is a look at the major events related to him:
Dec. 23, 1933 -- Born as the eldest son of Emperor Hirohito and Empress Nagako, posthumously called Emperor Showa and Empress Kojun, respectively.
(At 2 years old, December 1935)
[Photo supplied by the Ministry of the Imperial Household]
September, 1939 -- World War II begins.
Aug. 15, 1945 -- Emperor Hirohito tells the nation over radio of Japan's surrender in the war.
(At 12 years old and calligraphy "Construct a nation of peace" in sixth grade, 1946)
Nov. 10, 1952 -- Becomes crown prince after coming-of-age at 18.
(At the Tokyo Lawn Tennis Club, August 1958)
April 10, 1959 -- Marries Michiko Shoda, becoming the first crown prince, and later the first emperor, to be married to a commoner.
Feb. 23, 1960 -- First son, Prince Naruhito, born.
Nov. 30, 1965 -- Second son, Prince Fumihito, born.
April 18, 1969 -- Daughter, Princess Sayako, born.
(At the Nasu Imperial Villa, July 1978)
Jan. 7, 1989 -- Ascends to throne upon the death of Emperor Hirohito. Prince Naruhito becomes crown prince.
Jan. 8, 1989 -- The Heisei era begins.
June. 29, 1990 -- Prince Fumihito marries Kiko Kawashima.
Oct. 23, 1991 -- Princess Mako born to Prince Fumihito and Princess Kiko -- the first grandchild of Emperor Akihito and Empress Michiko.
June 9, 1993 -- Crown Prince Naruhito marries Masako Owada.
Dec. 29, 1994 -- Princess Kako born to Prince Fumihito and Princess Kiko -- the second grandchild of the imperial couple.
July-August, 1995 -- Visits memorial sites in Nagasaki, Hiroshima, Okinawa and Tokyo as the year marks 50 years since the end of World War II.
Dec. 1, 2001 -- Princess Aiko born to Crown Prince Naruhito and Crown Princess Masako -- the third grandchild of the imperial couple.
Jan. 18, 2003 -- Undergoes surgery to remove cancerous prostate gland.
June 27-28, 2005 -- Visits Saipan to honor the souls of war victims 60 years after the end of WWII.
Nov. 15 -- Princess Sayako marries Yoshiki Kuroda, a Tokyo metropolitan government official, and relinquishes her royal status as stipulated by law.
Nov. 24 -- A government panel on imperial succession crafts a final report that proposes allowing females or heirs of female lineage to ascend the throne.
Sept. 6, 2006 -- Prince Hisahito born to Prince Fumihito and Princess Kiko -- the fourth grandchild and the first grandson of the imperial couple -- marking the first birth of a male imperial family member in 41 years.
Feb. 18, 2012 -- Undergoes heart bypass surgery.
April 8-9, 2015 -- Visits Palau to pay tribute to the war dead 70 years after the end of WWII.
Aug. 8, 2016 -- Releases video message expressing desire to abdicate and pass the throne on to Crown Prince Naruhito.
[Photo supplied by the Imperial Household Agency]
June 9, 2017 -- Special legislation to enable Emperor Akihito to abdicate enacted.
Sept. 3 -- Princess Mako's planned engagement to Kei Komuro, a fellow International Christian University alumnus, announced.
Dec. 1 -- Imperial House Council meeting decides that Emperor Akihito will step down on April 30, 2019, with Crown Prince Naruhito ascending the throne the following day.
Feb. 6, 2018 -- Imperial Household Agency announces Princess Mako and Komuro will postpone their wedding due to "lack of preparation."
Dec. 23 -- Emperor Akihito turns 85.